Music Theory: Boss Piano – A Lesson In Cadences

Article by: Justyn Brodsky

It is nearly impossible for any piano player to not hear the word cadence at least once in their life. Before explaining the cadence meaning, I will start with the reference of what a musical phrase is.

As you might already know, it is a musical thought composed with four measures length in most cases, and incomplete also. A cadence is a chord progression composed usually of at least 2 chords that ends a phrase or a part of a piece of music.

The cadence has a really important role in any piece of piano sheet music because it gives a sense of resolution for that rhythm. There are some types of cadences that are authentic, deceptive, half, and plagal. They are divided into two groups: finished cadences and unfinished cadences.

The authentic cadence is the movement from the chord V to I of the key center. It is usually written V-I and is the most common and most frequently used cadence. For an example, when it comes to the C Major scale, try playing from V (G) to I (C) and you will notice by yourself how a great finish sounds, because the authentic cadence is also known as a perfect cadence and is well-known for its most finished contribution.

When it comes to the deceptive cadence, it is good to know that it’s also called the interrupted cadence. The name is very suggestive, as in this case, it ends on an unexpected chord. The music sounds reminiscent of something interrupting the piece. For this one, the most common chord progression is from chord V to chord VI, also written as V-VI. For an example, using the A Major scale, the chords are V which in this case is the key E and VI which is the key F sharp minor. Play it and listen carefully to get a familiarity to this type of cadence, so you will be able to use it in your own piano tabs.

When it comes to unfinished cadences, it is easy to anticipate that the sound will be unfinished. This happens because the unfinished cadences don’t end on chord I. By using an unfinished cadence at the end of a phrase in a piece of piano sheet music, it will give the listener the feeling that there is more to come in the next section and that the piece is not over.

In the group of unfinished cadences there is the half cadence. It is also known as imperfect cadence and it ends on chord V, while it can start on chord I, II or IV. For an example, in the G Major scale, we take the chords I (which is key G) to chord V (which is key D). Listen and you will notice that this is not the end, it’s more like a “wait for the next part” kind of feeling. When it comes to plagal cadence, the progression is from chord IV to chord I, also found written as IV-I.

Cadences are a great way to practice and develop piano techniques, and are also considered part of the little things that form the basis of piano for any player.

If you need material for rehearsal, here is a website where you can get piano sheets for free.

Connect with Boss Piano to get your copies now, and other great tips & information as well:

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Artist Album Review: Maribel Hill- “The Unveiling” LP

Review by: Justyn Brodsky


Jazzy, swingin’, and a writing formula that really adds appeal to the grooves, whole-band melodies that follow the vocal structures, and the bossa-nova textures that makes Maribel Hill‘s LP, The Unveiling, one of the most refreshening artists you’ll come by is not only an astonishing group that is very jammy and free spirited, but beautifully structured as well with a formula that is traditional, but modernized as well.

With the LP-title opening track “The Unveiling”, we get the perfect demonstration of this formula; a fantastic introduction into the aura that does justice to the song/album title. We are thrusted into adventurous musicianship that showcases the soothing mid-range vocals from Hill along with the band’s punctuality and precision that often follows her vocals in unison completely, syllable-by-syllable, which puts jazz songwriting techniques to a level you’ve never quite heard. Its versatility is relentless, and the likability factors are endless.

With the more uptempo track, “Sway”, we still enter the same prototype of their Jazz marksmanship and versatility, but explored at different angles. This is another song that does justice to the title completely. A track that shares some mood changes, but gets your hips to sway and place some ownership on the dance floor.

“Beautiful” is similar to the predecessors; the signature sound is still there, but a whole new showcase is brought to the forefront that encompasses you to hear another side to the moods and jazzy grooves that Hill and her band bring to the table. The musicianship is completely top notch and parallels the production value, as well as the intricacy of the signature sound that Hill offers up with every track. 

There’s something new, fresh, and multifaceted offered up in every song off The Unveiling. And it’s also an album that ties everything together both musically and lyrically. I can’t express how well put-together these songs are, and the band does a fantastic job of bringing in new additives and elements that are dynamic, soothing, and absolutely refreshing. Maribel Hill completely hits it out of the park with The Unveiling.

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Artist Review: Kobi Arad Band

Review by: Justyn Brodsky & Dave Welsh


When it comes to the roots of all music and the theory of instrumental dynamics, there’s no question that Contemporary Jazz recording artists, Kobi Arad Band, keeps it in the swing of things.

From lounge-style piano-oriented Jazz structures to a jagged edge that could go off the rails any moment (but never does), we get something nothing short of amazing with Arad‘s sultry and insatiable precision between both the lead instruments, and extra spicey rhythm section.

Delving into a bit of Artist history, Kobi Arad is an Israeli-American musician who lives in New York, performs and composes in NYC’s top clubs like Blue Note, Jazz at Lincoln Center and City Winery. He collaborated with Stevie Wonder (a co-production with Stevie Wonder’s manger, Stephany Andrews and Stevie himself); he finished his Doctorate in music from New England Conservatory; has 20+ self-titled CD’s on Amazon, and participated in different aired panels and interviews on IBA (Israeli national radio). 

In 2014, Kobi Arad received an award from the Israeli government, noting special excellence in Jazz and creative improvisation. Recently, Claes Nobel asked Arad to assemble 21 Grammy winners and nominees and produce them in Los Angeles with an African band called Ganda Boys. His song ‘Forever’ just won a Silver Medal for Exceptional Achievement from the Global Music Awards.

With achievements that obviously stand out all on their own, and with the many crucial years spent in many different walks of life in the industry on many levels, it’s no surprise that an Artist like Arad can turn some heads with his precision-driven stage show and persona as a performing and recording artist collectively. His artistic merit has manifested over many decades and has likely influenced many of today’s other Jazz greats from the NYC scene and its surroundings.

Being from NYC ourselves, we always have our ears to the backbeat of New York’s Sub-culture. And one thing that is apparent no matter what venue or artist you’re going to grace, it’s artists like Arad that sustain undeniable proof that NYC has some of the best eclectic talent walking the streets, and captivating the ears of everyone that passes by the venue they may be gracing the stage at. Either way, especially when it comes to Jazz and the influence it has had on so many genres that we even listen to today, artists like Kobi Arad are an absolute breath of fresh air when it comes to keeping the traditional contemporary sound, and peeking through new and bold sound structures that keeps the genre alive and well.

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Artist Review: Kinderjazz

Review by: Justyn Brodsky

  

One for the kids! Charismatic, fun, diligent, and dynamic might be a few words to describe this 12-member Aussie-Swing group, but the theatrical horn players and uplifting themes is what makes Kinderjazz a group for all ears.

These folks have got a great history & foundation under their belts. Armed with some of Australia’s best Musicians for its kind, this Latin-style and bluesy-swing group started turning many heads in 1998 when they performed at the nation’s well-known Manly Jazz Festival, and has kept the momentum ever since; performing at some of Australia’s most notable Venues and Festivals: Sydney Opera House, Daring Harbour, Parramatta Stadium, Stadium Australia, Carols in the Domain 2000 on Channel 7, among many more to date.

They’re a group that you can hire just about anywhere; a family event, wedding, theme park, cruise ship, half-time show, or any place looking for a very well-polished and professional live show and charismatic energy to entertain an all-ages crowd. Their songs are catchy, theatrical, moving, and unforgettable to the ear. “Gazooba” is a fun-loving song with very intricate horn arrangements and orchestrated measures. They bring a great music theory oriented sound to their showcase of musicianship and definitely live up to the reputation of being comprised of some of Australia’s best musicians. 

They bring all the right ingredients to showcasing talent. Each player has their own character, musicianship, fashion sense, and energy to mix into a perfectly orchestrated chemistry. These 12 Musical Pioneers leave you with one big overall sound that requires untouchable talent among each team player. And when you take a listen to Kinderjazz yourself, you’ll definitely agree that this is definitely a winning team.



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